Vegetable Seed

Halifax Seed has a wide selection of vegetable seed that has been hand picked to grow well in our Canadian climates. From lettuce and greens to tomatoes and peppers, we have your tried, tested and true traditional varieties as well as lots of new and unique vegetables to try in your backyard, patio or small farm gardens.

  • Home Grown Seed Collection by P. Allen Smith

    Home Grown Seed Collection by P. Allen Smith

    24 products

    P. Allen Smith is one of North America's most recognized and respected garden and design experts, providing ideas and inspiration through multiple media venues. A great joy is eating something you have grown in your own garden. Smith is delighted to share with all gardeners and chefs, beginner to expert, an exclusive P. Allen Smith Home Grown Seed Collection. He has selected some of his favourites that he grows in his garden, from 'Red Robin' tomatoes to Broccolini® baby broccoli. These varieties are known for their bountiful harvest and great taste, something that would delight all gardeners from their garden to their table. A return to the vegetable garden is a welcomed trend which is good for the well-being of ourselves, families, and communities. It may not be possible to grow an entire garden, but growing just a few things makes a difference.

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  • Artichoke

    Artichoke

    1 products

    It is possible to grow artichokes in Canada! We just need to grow them as annuals. As you need 90-100 frost free days to successfully grow them, start seed indoors in February in 4" containers. Transplant out after risk of frost has passed and soil has warmed (seedlings will be 8-10" or 20-25cm tall). As plants tend to grow quite large best to space them 3-4' apart. Artichokes can be a tricky plant to start, ensure you plant a few extra seeds than plants you want to harvest and use lots of nutrient rich fertilizer like Neptunes Harvest fish fertilizers and kelp meal.

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  • Arugula

    Arugula

    5 products

    A hardy and easy green to grow. Start inside and use as a mircogreen or direct sow out in the garden mid-late spring. Arugula can bolt (go to seed) quickly in the heat of the summer so pick often.

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  • Asparagus

    Asparagus

    4 products

    A hardy perennial, asparagus offers the first harvest of spring. Rich in vitamin A and C, asparagus may be steamed until tender or frozen immediately after harvest for later enjoyment. Harvest spears in the third year when grown from seed, the following spring from mature roots. Growing Tips: Field-grown roots should be planted as soon as the soil can be worked in a 25cm (10") deep trench enriched with compost or manure. Set each crown upon a small mound of earth and bury it under several inches of soil. As the stalks grow, continue to fill in the trench until it is level with the rest of the garden. Asparagus is a greedy feeder and will benefit from a yearly mulch of compost or manure. Begin harvesting the third spring after planting by cutting 15-22cm (6-9") tall spears at the soil surface. If sowing seeds, soak them for 48 hours prior to planting to encourage germination.

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  • Beans

    Beans

    33 products

    Beans are an almost perfect food, as they form a complete protein when eaten with grains and are high in fibre, iron and essential minerals. Easy to grow, beans will benefit your garden as they possess the unique ability to convert nitrogen from the air into a form usable by plants. This process can be accelerated and yields increased with an application of Garden Legume Inoculant. Growing Tips: Plant beans in well-drained soil after all danger of frost has passed. Sow seeds 2.5cm (1") deep, 8 per foot, in rows 50cm (20") apart. For a continual harvest of fresh beans, plant new rows every 10 days until mid-July. An application of Garden Legume Inoculant will offer increased yields. Avoid contact with bean plants when they are damp to prevent the spread of fungal diseases.

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  • Beets

    Beets

    19 products

    Beets are popular across Canada due to their nutritious greens and tasty fleshy roots that are rich in Vitamin A, iron and potassium. Lucky for the gardener, beets are also very easy-to-grow and relatively pest and disease free! Growing Tips: Plant seed as soon as the soil can be worked in early spring. To ensure a continuous supply of fresh beets all season long, sow additional seeds every two weeks into early summer. Place the seed in rich, well-worked neutral soil 1cm (1/2") deep, with 10-15 seeds per foot. To hasten germination, soak the seeds for an hour prior to planting. When harvesting, leave a 5cm (2") stub of stem to minimize 'bleeding' of the interior juices.

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  • Broccoli

    Broccoli

    7 products

    Broccoli is a 'super food'. It offers Vitamins A and C, protein, potassium, iron, calcium, niacin, dietary fiber and the antioxidant, beta carotene. Growing Tips: Broccoli thrives in rich, loose soil that has been amended with compost or well-rotted manure. For a head start on your crop, sow seed indoors 4 to 6 weeks prior to setting out. For a second harvest in the fall, plant additional seed directly in the garden in late June. Sow 10 to 15 seeds per foot, thinning them to 30cm (12") apart.

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  • Broccolini

    Broccolini

    2 products

    Also known as baby broccoli, broccolini is easy and similarly grown to that of broccoli. It is a hybrid cross between broccoli and chinese gai-lan and is slightly sweeter than broccoli.

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  • Brussels Sprouts

    Brussels Sprouts

    6 products

    Brussels Sprouts are native to Belgium and considered a European delicacy. They are well-known for their remarkable frost tolerance, making them an ideal crop for Canadian gardeners. Growing Tips: Brussels Sprouts grow best in a rich well-worked ground that has a soil pH above 6.0. This easy-to-grow crop may be started indoors, as described above for broccoli or sown directly in the garden. Brussels Sprouts require copious amounts of water and should be mulched during the hot summer months to conserve soil moisture. Allow a light frost before harvesting to improve flavor and pick sprouts from bottom of stem up.

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  • Cabbage

    Cabbage

    18 products

    A maritime staple, cabbage prefers cool weather, making it a perfect crop for Atlantic Canada. Growing Tips: Successful cabbage growers know a few simple tricks of the trade: 1) Keep cabbage well watered and fertilized throughout the entire growing season. 2) Never plant cabbage, or any other Brassica (broccoli, cauliflower, etc) in the same spot from year to year. 3) Use great care when weeding or cultivating around the plants as cabbage is very shallow rooted. For best results, plant cabbage in a rich organic soil with high humus content and a pH of at least 6.0. An application of lime will help prevent Clubroot, a common fungal disease that attaches to members of the Brassica family. For an earlier harvest, cabbage seed may be planted indoors 4 to 6 weeks prior to setting out in the garden. When transplanting, space the plants 30-45cm (12-18”) in rows that are 50cm (20”) apart. For a fall crop, direct seed late season varieties in mid-May, planting the seed 1cm (1/2”) deep.

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  • Cantaloupe

    Cantaloupe

    5 products

    The rumors are true – we can grow delicious juicy cantaloupe in Atlantic Canada! A muskmelon and a member of the cucumber family, garden fresh cantaloupe is a mouth watering treat that far surpasses anything found at the local supermarket. Growing Tips: The secret to growing frost-sensitive plants is to start your seeds indoors, setting the plants out only after the last frost of spring is gone and the soil has warmed up. Work a generous amount of compost or well-rotted manure into the garden prior to planting and lime if the soil is acidic. Cantaloupe requires little maintenance during the growing season, but does ask for regular moisture. A mulch of landscape fabric will repel weeds and retain soil moisture and heat, allowing for higher yields.

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  • Carrots

    Carrots

    19 products

    Carrots are easily grown in any decent garden soil, but deep loams with a high organic matter will grow the smoothest and straightest roots. Highly nutritious, a single medium carrot supplies the daily requirement of Vitamin A. Growing Tips: Sow seed 0.5 to 1 cm (1/4-1/2”) deep as early as the ground can be worked with about 30 seeds planted per foot. Once sprouted, thin seedlings to 3-5cm (1-2”) apart, supply adequate moisture and keep the earth well cultivated to prevent weeds. Cover exposed shoulders with soil to prevent greening.

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  • Cape Gooseberry

    Cape Gooseberry

    1 products

    Tasty organe husked fruits make a wonderful jam, decoration on the dessert plate or enjoyed fresh

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  • Cauliflower

    Cauliflower

    6 products

    Although a cool weather crop, cauliflower cannot tolerate spring frosts. It also requires slow and steady growth without interruptions from drought or other problems in order to produce a large blemish-free head. Growing Tips: Cauliflower is a heavy feeder and requires rich, moist soil that is high in organic matter and has pH above 6.0. As it will not head up in hot weather, the creamy white curd needs to be protected. When the heads first become visible, gather the outer leaves and secure them together with a clothespin, string or an elastic band, hiding and protecting the curd. This blanching process will encourage a beautiful pure white cauliflower.

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  • Celery

    Celery

    1 products

    Celery is an ancient crop. The seeds are a bit slow to start, but once the transplants are tucked in the garden, this potassium-rich vegetable grows very well in Atlantic Canada. Growing Tips: Celery should be started indoors in early March, 10 to 12 weeks prior to setting out. To encourage germination, soak the seeds overnight. It also prefers a rich soil, so if fertility is a problem, incorporate some organic matter into the garden before planting. Space the transplants 30cm (12”) apart and mulch well.

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  • Celery Leaf

    Celery Leaf

    1 products

    A fragrant leaf used to flavour countless dishes. Seed is slow to germinated and establish, start indoors 6-8 weeks prior to planting out after risk of frost has disappeared. Once established in the ground, plants will product leaves all season giving you fresh tasting salads, pastas and more.

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  • Corn

    Corn

    9 products

    Growing Tips: Plant seed outside only when all risk of frost has passed. Sow seed 3 cm (1-1 ½”) deep, with 3 to 4 seeds per foot. Once sprouted, thin seedlings to 20 – 25cm (8-10”) apart in rows spaced about 60-75cm (24-30”). To enjoy fresh corn all season long, plant 3 or 4 varieties, all having different dates of maturity. Corn is a heavy feeder, side dress the stalks with fertilizer when knee-high and again when tassels form. Corn borer may be controlled with a drop of mineral oil applied to the inside of each ear after the silk has wilted. The breeding of sweet corn have produced some exceptionally sweet and flavourful varieties. While SE and SH2 varieties are superior in sweetness to SU corn, they do have some drawbacks including slow germination in cold soils. SU- Normal Sugary: The traditional sweet corn that contains varying degrees of sugar. Once picked, the sugar rapidly converts to starch. SE-Sugary Enhanced: These corn varieties have a higher sugar content than standard varieties of sweet corn, which allows them to maintain their sweet quality for a longer period of time. This is the preferred corn type for most growers. SH2-Supersweet: Super sweet varieties have an extremely high sugar content and convert their sugars to starch much slower than traditional varieties. SH2 corn must be isolated from all other types of corn to prevent the kernels from becoming tough and starchy.

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  • Cucumber

    Cucumber

    19 products

    Cucumbers thrive in warm humid weather. Their cool and juicy fruit is extremely refreshing and may be enjoyed sliced fresh, tossed in salads or preserved as pickles. As cucumbers mature relatively quickly, they are an ideal crop for cool gardens. Growing Tips: Sow seeds indoors in peat pots and set out in sunny location when all danger of frost has passed and the soil has warmed up to 18 to 21°C (65 to 70°F). To prevent transplant shock do not disturb the roots when transplanting. A layer of landscape fabric around the roots will encourage larger yields by suppressing weed growth and conserving soil heat and moisture. If seeding directly outdoors, sow 6 to 8 seeds per foot, planting them about 0.5 to 1cm (1/4” – ½”) deep. In small gardens conserve space by growing cucumbers vertically on a trellis.

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  • Eggplant

    Eggplant

    5 products

    Eggplant is a warm season crop that thrives in the heat of summer. A healthy addition to any meal, eggplant is high in fiber and a source of potassium, iron and protein. Growing Tips: Sow seed indoors 8 to 10 weeks prior to the last frost. Seed germination is quite slow and a warm soil temperature of 18 to 21°C should be maintained to encourage optimum growth. Plant seedlings in fertile, well-drained soil in a sunny sheltered spot. Kozy Coats can be used to increase soil temperature and create the sub-tropical climate that eggplant loves.

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  • Endive

    Endive

    3 products

    Endive is a highly nutritious bittersweet European green that is excellent in salads. Belgian endive or Witloof (white leaf) is known best for its ability to grow in the dark. Growing Tips: Sow directly in May-June, thin to 6”. After the first hard frost cut leaves to 1” of base. Roots should be removed and placed into outdoor or indoor forcing pits. Cover with 6” of sand or soil with roots upright. Keep dark. Endive is ready when the tops show up though the soil.

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  • Home Grown Revolution by James Wong

    Home Grown Revolution by James Wong

    23 products

    James Wong is an ethnobotanist, television presenter and best-selling author based in London UK. Trained to Masters level, his work has taken him all over the world. Best known for his ability to introduce a fresh, modern take on preparing a broad range of plant-based remedies in his book, "Grow Your Own Drugs". James Wong manages to find the best every plant has to offer. Sutton Seeds along with James Wong have designed the Home Grown Revolution home garden seed range. www.jameswong.co.uk

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  • Kale or Borecole

    Kale or Borecole

    10 products

    Kale is a cold weather vegetable whose flavour actually improves with the onset of winter! The leaves are rich in Vitamins A and C, potassium, iron and protein, and may be used in salads, stir-fries or steamed like spinach. Successive sowings from April through July will ensure your table is graced with healthy greens long after all others have succumbed to the cold.

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  • Kohlrabi

    Kohlrabi

    7 products

    Kohlrabi is a unique member of the cabbage family that is prized for its mild turnip-flavoured bulbous stem that forms above the ground. This unusual vegetable is a good source of protein, Vitamin C and potassium, and can be peeled and shredded into salads or cooked. Growing Tips: Kohlrabi loves cool weather and may be direct seeded in the garden from late April through July for a continual crop. For an extra early harvest, start seed indoors, transplanting the seedlings outside in early spring. If direct seeding, sow approximately 15 seeds per foot, planting them about 1cm (1/4 – ½”) deep. When the seedlings emerge, thin them to 10-13cm (4-5”) apart.

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  • Leeks

    Leeks

    6 products

    Leeks are a close relative of the onion, but have flattened leaves and mildly flavoured stems instead of bulbs. The long, thick white stems are valued by gourmets for adding a sweet onion flavour to dishes. Growing Tips: As leeks require a very deep, rich soil, cultivate well prior to seeding and incorporate some compost or well-rotted manure. Seed may be planted directly in the garden in early spring or started indoors for an earlier harvest. Transplanted seedlings should be set in a 15cm (6”) deep trench that is gradually filled in as they grow. If seed is planted directly in the garden, hill soil around the leeks several times during the growing season, piling it higher each time.

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  • Lettuce & Greens

    Lettuce & Greens

    45 products

    Lettuce is one of the easiest vegetables to grow and does exceptionally well in our cool Maritime climate! To enjoy garden fresh salads from late spring to the end of autumn, plant several varieties and continue to seed every few weeks. Growing Tips: Lettuce is very hardy and may be planted as soon as the ground can be worked in early spring. Seed may also be sown indoors 4 to 5 weeks prior to planting. If direct seeding, sow seeds about 12 to 15 per foot, 3-5mm (1/8 – ¼”) deep, spacing the rows 30-45cm (12-28”) apart. To avoid overcrowding, ensure head lettuce is thinned early to 30cm (12”) apart.

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  • Microgreens

    Microgreens

    17 products

    Harvested at the seedling stage, Microgreens are packed full of flavour and nutrients. Ready to each in 10-14 days, great in salads, sandwiches or as a garnish on any dish. Growing Tips: Growing Microgreens is easy and very little supplies ar needed. Start with clean seeding tray and a sterilized soiless growing medium such as Pro-Mix. Dampen Pro-Mix with water so it is mist and fill tray to 1-2cm from top. Seed individual varieties according to general planting directions - when seeding mixes simply sprinke seeds over soil and lightly rake into soil with finger tips, covering seeds slightly with seeding mixture. Place seeded tray in a warm spot, perferably with a clear dome covering it. Once germinated ensure tray is by a sunny window. After frist set of true leaves appear simply snip with scissor and enjoy. *Planting every week will ensure a continuous supply of microgreens. Change soil and wash the tray every couple of plantings.

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  • Onions

    Onions

    15 products

    Onions are cool weather crops that grow well in the low temperatures of spring and early summer, bulbing up when the temperatures increase in mid to late summer. Their natural pest repellence makes them great companion plants and their indispensable flavour and versatility in cooking make them a staple in the kitchen. Onions are a significant source of potassium, protein and fiber. Growing Tips: Start seed indoors 8 to 10 weeks prior to setting out. When planting, do not set transplants too deeply in the garden, but instead just cover the base of the plant with enough soil to hold it in place.

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  • Pak Choi

    Pak Choi

    6 products

    Centre leaves are excellent used raw in salads and outer leaves can be used for frying or lightly braised.

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  • Parsnips

    Parsnips

    5 products

    Nutritious root crop that can be prepared in much the same way as carrots. Their unique nutty-sweet flavour adds a punch of Vitamins A and C. Growing Tips: Parsnips are a subterranean vegetable. They require deep loose soil to grow long and straight. They prefer soil that is rich in organic matter with a pH above 6.5. Plant seeds directly in the garden, sowing about 12 seeds per foot, 1 cm (1/2”) deep, spacing the rows 45-50cm(18-20”) apart. As the seed is slow to germinate, quick-growing radish seed may be used to mark the rows. Do not allow soil to dry out prior to the emergence of the seedlings (up to 3 weeks.) Once sprouted, thin to 8-10cm (3-4”) apart.

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  • Peas

    Peas

    16 products

    Peas have a high protein content and are a significant source of Vitamins. Growing Tips: A cool weather crop that should be planted as soon as the garden has thawed and the soil is workable in early spring. Sow very heavily with about 20 to 30 seeds per foot in 10-15cm (4-6”) wide double rows that are spaced 60cm (24”) apart. Place a support trellis between the rows and do not thin the emerging seedlings. Fertilize at planting time with a fertilizer high in phosphorous and potassium such as Gaia Green Organic Fertilizer. To increase yields, seed may be treated with Garden Legume Inoculant prior to planting.

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  • Peppers

    Peppers

    34 products

    Peppers are an ancient crop native to Central and South America. Peppers add vibrant colour and flavour to countless dishes. Peppers, especially the red varieties, also provide substantial amounts of vitamins A and C. Growing Tips: Peppers must be started indoors 10 to 12 weeks prior to the last frost. As they are a heat-loving crop, ensure that the daytime temperature is maintained above 21°C until the seed has germinated. If possible, lower the night temperature to about 17°C. Prior to setting out, work some lime into the garden to provide calcium and adjust the soil pH to 6.0 – 6.5. When placing the transplants outside, set them 30-45cm (12-18”) apart and water well. An application of a Plant Starter fertilizer is beneficial to encourage quick rooting. Kozy Coats may be used to provide an earlier crop.

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  • Pumpkins

    Pumpkins

    9 products

    A versatile crop, pumpkins can be enjoyed in soups, stews and pies or used as an ornamental element. These winter squash are very nutritious, high in vitamin A, potassium, niacin, iron and protein. Pumpkins store well in cool temperatures. Growing Tips: Pumpkins thrive in well-drained soil that has been enriched with compost. Plant seed directly in the garden once all risk of frost has passed and the soil has warmed to 21°C. May be grown in rows with the seed planted 2cm ( ¾” – 1”) deep and 3 to 4 seeds per foot. Rows should be spaced 180cm (72”) apart and the seedlings thinned to 45 to 60cm (18-24”) once they have sprouted and are growing well. To plant in hills, sow 5 to 6 seeds per hill, thinning to 3 seedlings/mound. Space 180cm (72”) apart. Harvest before the heavy frosts by cutting the vine 15cm (6”) from the fruit.

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  • Radicchio

    Radicchio

    2 products

    A leaf chicory sometimes known as a red or Italian chicory. It is grown as a leaf lettuce with red leaves and white veins. A mildly bitter taste, radicchio can be eaten alone with a little olive oil and pepper or mixed into salads.

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  • Radish

    Radish

    16 products

    Radishes are a fast growing, cool weather crop with brightly coloured roots packed with iron and potassium. As they are so quick to grow, radishes are often used in the garden as a row marker for slower germinating crops. Growing Tips: Sow seed directly outside as soon as the soil can be worked in early spring. For a continual harvest, re-seed every 7 to 10 days throughout the growing season, planting about 12 to 15 seeds per foot, 6 mm ( ¼”) deep in rows spaced 30cm (12”) apart. Thin the seedlings to 4cm (1.5”) .

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  • Seed Tapes

    Seed Tapes

    17 products

    Seed tapes contain pre-spaced seeds in a tape. Just prepare the soil, draw out a groove and roll out your tape and cover with soil according to package directions. The vegetable seed tapes are biodegradable so will not cause damage to the plant. Most seed tapes are 6m (19') long.

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  • Spinach

    Spinach

    10 products

    A hardy crop, spinach thrives in the cool weather of spring and autumn. Spinach is also a very nutritious addition to the vegetable garden, as it is an excellent source of Vitamins A and C, iron, potassium, protein and dietary fiber. Growing tips: Spinach germinates best in cool soil. Plant the seed as soon as the ground can be worked in early spring. A soil pH of 6.5 to 7.4 is ideal. Fall crops may be seeded in late July through August. Plant seeds 12-15 per foot, 6mm ( ¼”) deep in rows spaced 30-45cm (12-18”) apart. Once the seedlings have emerged, thin them to 8cm (3”). Harvest spinach early as plants will bolt.

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  • Squash

    Squash

    33 products

    There are two main types of squash. Summer squash grows on bush vines, has thin tender skin and is best eaten when still immature. They can be enjoyed in many ways, such as stir-fried, sautéed or barbequed. Winter squash grows on vigorous vines and is left on the plants to mature. Their skins are thick, hard and inedible, but allow them to be stored for long periods of time. Growing Tips: Please refer to the growing instructions for pumpkins when cultivating winter squash. For summer squash, start seeds indoors 1 to 2 weeks prior to setting out, ensuring that all risk of frost has passed before transplanting into the garden. An application of compost is beneficial. Ensure that the roots of the plants are not disturbed when transplanting. Seed may also be sown directly in the garden, with 4 to 5 seeds per foot in rows spaced 120cm (48”) apart. Thin to 30cm (12”).

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  • Swiss Chard

    Swiss Chard

    8 products

    Swiss chard is an easy-to-grow spinach-like green with a remarkable tolerance to both heat and cold. Tremendously productive, it is a significant source of Vitamin A, potassium and iron. Growing Tips: Follow planting instructions for beets, sowing in early spring. A weekly watering with a liquid fish fertilizer, such as 5-1-1 is beneficial for encouraging rich, deeply coloured greens.

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  • Tomatoes

    Tomatoes

    44 products

    Native to the Americas, the tomato is everyone’s favourite garden vegetable and an excellent source of Vitamin C, iron and protein. In Northern gardens, it is important to grow varieties which ripen before the autumn frosts, so we have carefully selected the following to best suit our Maritime region. Using Kozy Coats can allow transplants to be set in the garden sooner. Growing Tips: Sow seeds indoors 6 to 8 weeks prior to the last spring frost. A soil temperature around 24°C will help encourage quick germination. Ensure that seedlings receive plenty of light to prevent them from becoming tall and leggy. To harden off the plants, set them outside during the day, bringing them back indoors at night when the temperature drops. Tomatoes love rich soil, so work generous amount of well-rotted manure or compost into the garden before planting. A soil application of gypsum or lime may help control Blossom End Rot, a common disorder that leaves large unattractive black blotches on the bottom of the fruits. Once all risk of frost has passed, set the transplants in the garden, spacing them 60-90cm (24-36”) apart.

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  • Turnips & Rutabagas

    Turnips & Rutabagas

    11 products

    Winter Turnips, also known as Rutabagas are a maritime favorite grown for their tasty yellow-fleshed, globe-shaped roots and excellent storage quality. Summer Turnips, on the other hand are a quick-growing crop with white-fleshed roots that grow in a flattened globe shape. They are meant for immediate consumption as they don’t store well. Growing Tips: Summer Turnip seed should be sown in early spring through mid-summer, with seeds planted 1cm (1/2”) deep. Once the seedlings have emerged, thin them to 5cm (2”) apart. If Winter Turnip is being planted for fall harvest, sow seed in the garden in mid-June to mid-July. Sow 6 seeds per 30cm (12”), planting them 1cm (1/2”) deep. Thin the seedlings to 6” apart. To prevent Brown Heart (water core) in Winter Turnip, amend the soil with Boron-rich fertilizer. To help thwart other common problems such as Clubroot, practice good crop rotation. Harvest Winter Turnip after several hard frosts by cutting tops and storing the roots in a humid, cold environment.

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  • Watermelon

    Watermelon

    3 products

    It really is possible to grow juicy delicious watermelons in Atlantic Canada! Although this sweet fruit is over 90% water, it is a good source of Vitamins A, B6 and C, as well as potassium and the antioxidant lycopene. Growing Tips: Sow seed indoors 3 to 4 weeks prior to the last spring frost. This heat-loving crop thrives in a warm sunny location with rich organic soil. So amend your garden well. Black mulch may be used to conserve moisture and increase soil temperature.

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